Numerical Simulation of Vehicle Tyre under Various Load Conditions and Its Effect on Road Traffic Safety


  • Mykola Karpenko Faculty of Transport Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Olegas Prentkovskis Faculty of Transport Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University
  • Paulius Skačkauskas Faculty of Transport Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University



finite element method, composite, tyre, road safety, blast effect, numerical simulation


The main objective of the transport reliability and maintenance analysis is to improve the understanding of accidents through incident investigations. This research focuses on composite pneumatic tyres used in transportation engineering and presents both theoretical and experimental studies. The finite element method used for numerical simulation combined with pre-experimental measurements based on optimisation by material vibration response is presented for tyre material modelling. Piezoelectric vibration test was used for the pre-experimental test of the tyre quarters. The simulation results indicate that the pneumatic tyre with the recommended air pressure inflation shows the least amount of deformation. In comparison, pneumatic tyres with recommended and reduced air pressure inflation of 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 bar are under research. Additionally, it was established that, when subjected to external forces that exceed the tyre’s maximum weight capacity, as determined by the manufacturer, the tyre exhibits significant stiffening and internal stress. The research suggests that this methodology can be used to obtain a realistic model of vehicle tyre dynamic processes and assess the impact on road traffic safety with different inflation pressures and loads.


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How to Cite

Karpenko, M., Prentkovskis , O., & Skačkauskas , P. (2024). Numerical Simulation of Vehicle Tyre under Various Load Conditions and Its Effect on Road Traffic Safety. Promet - Traffic&Transportation, 36(1), 1–11.